D5.2 Innovative City Logistics mitigating the noise, pollution and CO2 emissions
The Innovative City Logistics Use Case is using digital tools to support the adoption of future logistics technologies. One of the aims is to estimate the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of the emerging delivery modes: delivery robots, drones, e-bicycles and e-vans in suburban setting (Helsinki suburb of Laajasalo) and urban settings (an area in Prague district No. 6). The use cases were developed using digital tools to support the adoption of future freight and logistics scenarios with zero-emission vehicles. Drones were not used in Prague and e-bicycles were not used in Laajasalo, Helsinki. Real operation data were used to estimate the logistics demand in Laajasalo, Helsinki, and a combination of real operation data and synthetic data were used to estimate the logistics demand in Prague. Simulations were run in Matsim for basic optimized scenario replacing an internal combustion engine (ICE) vans with electric vans (e-vans). By implementing full electrification, 10,5 tons of CO2 can be saved annually in Laajasalo, Helsinki and 8,5 tons of CO2 can be saved annually in Prague. The lowest TCO in Laajasalo, Helsinki was for drone operation, however, that was relatively closely followed by delivery robots. As for Prague, e-bicycles had the lowest TCO, again relatively closely followed by the delivery robots. For both locations, the human labor cost was the major component pointing out the potential of autonomous operation. Finally, an experimental augmented reality (AR) visualization of the advanced optimized state scenario was performed for the Prague location to determine the suitability of such visualization technology for decision making.